Astrology learning pdf

Learn what the 5 major aspects are. Learn how to interpret the planets in signs and houses of your birthcart, incorporate the house rulers and important aspects. This lesson is an introduction to Chart Reading. The benefit of astrology is that it reveals your unique and true love styles, love needs, and love preferences. When you awaken your deeply-embedded love style, you awaken the love energy that can attract a naturally compatible lover.

Learn to check each birth chart separately to determine what their own needs are. Deeper Into Synastry: Learn why you see eye-to-eye with some people, but not others. Deeper Into Synastry: House overlays reveal how two people see each other. Deeper Into Synastry: The aspects from one birth chart to another show how the two individuals get along.

Follow us on social media if you wish to receive our updates. Astrology Symbols Learn the symbols used in astrology. Houses Learn what the 12 Houses of astrology are. Planets Learn what each planet brings to astrology. Zodiac Signs Learn the 12 zodiac signs of astrology, and their general characteristics.

Aspects Learn about astrology aspects and orbs. Astrology tells us that as individuals we are peculiar and particular, while at the same time a direct manifestation of a cosmic whole to which we are inexorably linked. It reminds us that we are bound to the karmic wheel, that we come into the world with special gifts as well as certain burdens and travails. On the surface it can appear to tell us that our fortunes and our personalities are preordained, that our fates are completely in the hands of the gods.

Correctly understood and applied, a horoscope is a precise instrument based on real forces, events, and relationships occurring in nature. Each horoscope is a complex combination of factors, a graphic depiction of a particular determining and synchronistic moment in time and space when the bodies of the solar system form a unique pattern. The art of astrological analysis lies in intuitively synthesizing all the relationships in the horoscope to create a complete and integrated picture or profile.

Angle - Hour Relationship: The earth moves around its axis to complete a circle in 24 hours. That is, it rotates by degrees in 24 hours. For example, for India time zone is 30'. Multiplying by 4.

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Date of Birth and Calenders After Celestial Arithmatic in the January issue we now present understanding of date and time of birth in various calenders and clocks. Unfortunately earth or moon do not complete their cycle in full no of days. Moon's cycle is So 12 months are short of a year, and 13 months are longer. In this lesson we describe here the history and detailing of the commonly used Gregorian Calendar. It was based on The year was divided in twelve months, of which eleven contained 30 or 31 days and the 12th had 28 days only. The first month was March and the last month was February.

July is named after Julius Caesar and August after Augustus Caesar, both months being allocated the full 31 days, as belittled a Caesar. To account for quarter day,. February contained 29 days. However this colander was fast by over 11 Minutes every year and by the error amounted to approximately 11 days. To correct the calendar, Pope Gregory ordered that October 15, should follow October 4. The new Calender also moved the beginning of the year from March 25 to January 1.

February now did not have a leap year in centuries unless perfectly divisible by Thus came the present Gregorian Calendar into existence. According to the present Gregorian Calender average year is This can be ac. However, this is not yet accounted in the Gregorian calendar. It was recommended by the Calendar Reform Committee and introduced by the Govt. In this Calender the no. Chaitra 30 days 31 days in a leap year Vaisakha 31 days Jyaistha 31 days Asadha 31 days Sravana 31 days Bhadra 31 days Asvina 30 days Kartika 30 days Agrahayana 30 days Pausa 30 days Magha 30 days Phalgun 30 days.

Lunar Calender : This is the most commonly used calender in India. This is based on the timing of new Moon. Depending upon Moon's transit over Sun takes place in which sign, the month is named. When new moon is in Aries, the month is Vaishakh, in Taurus it is Jyestha etc. Purnimanta ii Closing at New Moon i. The months are named same as in Indian National Calender and they start within 15 days before or after, of starting of months in Indian National Calender.

Since the speed of Moon is variable and it can cross over Sun at any degree. New moon may sometimes occur twice in the same Rasi or may not occur at all in some rasi. In case of Adhik month; the two months are named as first and the other as second. Shukla Paksh of the first and Krishna Paksh of the second are called the adhik month, which is normally avoided in most muhurthas. In case of kshay month, one month is divided into two Pakshas and each month is assigned one Paksh.

On the average year as Thus in every three years there is an Adhik Mah to cover the gap of these 11 days. Kshay Mah occuse rarely. After or before Kshay Mah Adhik Mah occurs invariably. The start of month or day is taken from Sun rise. Because of variable Moon. This gives rise to formation of Adhik and Kshay tithis.

Sun's entry into Aries starts the month Vaisakh and also the new year. The months are named same as in Indian National Calender. Though the moment of Sun's entry into a sign is the same all over India, yet the commencement of the corresponding month for civil purposes is not necessarily the same all over India, yet the commencement of the corresponding month for civil purposes is not necessarily the same all over India. Here day means one sunrise to nextsunrise. In Tamil, when the fraction of the day at which transit occurs does not exceed 30 Ghatis Sunset , the solar month begins on the same day else next day.

Since the sun takes different times to transit a sign the month varies from 28 days to 31 days. Some of the most commanly used are : 1. Vikram Era : 57 more than the A. In Northern India year starts from Chaitra Purima. It is also popularly known as "Malava Era" or simply "Samvat". Saka Era : This is 78 less than A. This is also used extensively in North India. Indian National Calender uses this Saka.

To summarise year will. Gregorian Calender : 1st Jan Different eras have following values : i. Gregorian ii. Samvat iii. Saka iv. Kaliyuga Era. Fusli San vi. Kollam Era vii. Bengali San viii.

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National Calender : 22 March 99 3. Kollam Era : A. Bengali San : Current A. It starts with Sun entry into Aries. Hejira Muslim Calender : It is calculated by subtracting from the current A. The monthly are based on Moon. Muharram the first months coincides with or starts from shukla Paksh of Vaisakh. The month start normally from 2nd in Shukla Paksh when Moon is visible in the sky after sun set. The day is counted from sunset to sunset. The only problem in Muslim Calender is that it can not be defined in advance since it is based on visibility of Moon.

If Moon is not visible on the day month has to start, it will be started from the next day only when moon becomes clearly visible. Understanding Place of Birth, Time Zone and Time Correction In astrology place of birth is equally important as date and time of birth. This lesson tells you how the place of birth affects the calculations and how much precise we should be in specifying the place of birth - whether a street, a colony, a city or a country.

Some important formulas to compute distance are described when longitudes and latitudes are known. The lesson also explains importance of time zone and time correction. If it is day in India, it is night in America. So the effect of Sun is reversed. Similarly effect of other planets also change. Let us understand what is longitude or latitude; how we measure it and how much distance has how much effect in calculation of horoscopes. This change in effect is more prominent longitudinally and is comparitively much less latitudinally e. But there is N. The equator represents zero degree latitude.

North pole is N and South Pole is S. Longitude : These are imaginary vertical lines parallel to the prime meridian, which pass through Greenwich where the British Royal Observatory is located. The prime meridian is at 00 longitude and we count E in East, to W in West. Unlike parallel of latitude, all meridians are of equal length. Any place on earth can be uniquely assigned a longitude and latitude and any such coordinates define a single point on earth. Delhi has a longitude of 'E and latitude of 'N. Since earth is spherical, every degree of longitude does not represent equal distances.

Span of 1' of Longitude or Latitude :. Let us determine the distance represented by 1' of the longitude or latitude; that is, how much distance changes the coordinates by 1'. For all practical purposes, in India we can consider 1 mile, making a difference of 1' in longitude or latitude or combined difference of both. From formula 1 and 2 it is obvious that the distance in North or South makes a variation in latitude, which is constant for all places on earth.

However the longitude at least changes as much as latitude and the variation becomes more and more prominent as latitude increases. This is obvious because of the fact that equator the circumference of earth is maximum, where as it reduces as latitude increases and rate of change of circumference also increases with the increase in latitude. A table can be drawn for distance covered by 1' of longitude at different latitudes. For latitudes like in India a city, which has span of 40 Kms.

This is particularly so in case of Delhi and Mumbai, where the city stretches to over 40 kms.

For example Nangal in South-West of Delhi has coordinates 28 'N and 77 'E, whereas Vikas Kunj in North-East coordinates of 'N and 'E, thus reflecting a difference of 12' in longitude and 12' in latitude, with a total difference of 24'. Similarly in Bombay Dahisar in North has coordinates 'N and 'E, whereas Colaba in South has coordinates 'N and 'E, making a difference of 22' in latitude and 2' in longitude, again making a total difference of 24'.

However small cities are normally only half or even less than half the size of Delhi or Bombay. Towns are only a few kms. If a centre point is chosen then the difference does not exceed more than 1' or 2' in latitude and longitude combined. For this reason for most of the towns and places, 1' accuracy in longitude or latitude is just sufficient, whereas in metropolitan cities a further breakup into small area is advisable. We find it is equivalent to s of time. And from a centre point it is only 50s. Thus when time of birth is accurate only to a minute level, taking the centre point of even the metros for longitude or latitude is not going to add much to the inaccuracy in results.

Computation of Distance:. We have seen above that there is a direct relationship between distance and the longitude or latitude. We can easily compute the areial distance between the two points on earth if we know their coordinates accurately. For rough computations of distance, we may simply add up the difference of longitude and latitude and equate that to miles. Example : Calculate the distance between Delhi and Mumbai approximately. Cos L1-L2. Note: The formula does not work well for very small values of d Example : Calculate the distance between Delhi and Mumbai, taking the following coordinates.

Cos '' on solving, Cosd so, or. Some countries have a great longitudinal extent and so they adopt more than one standard time. For example USA has as many as 5 standard times. The earth has been divided into 24 time zones of one hour each. A few countries like India adopt a time zone in between the two, like 5 hour zone. Time Correction. In countries with high latitudes, day duration changes drastically from say 6 hours in winters to 18 hours in summers.

At poles this difference becomes so large that there is day for six months and night for six months. Note : The result is accurate up to a few Kms. The inaccuracy is mainly due to flatten- In Northern latitude May, June are longer, ing of the earth, which has been ignored in the whereas in Southern latitude December January are longer and they have summer at present formula. In summer the sun rises very early. Longitude and Time To take the advantage of sun light, the clocks Sun is the best time-keeper throughout the are advanced by one hour during summer for world. It Sun regularly rises and sets every day.

This advanced time is cast by the sun. All the places on a meridian called "summer time" or "day light saving have midday at the same moment. If the earth time". At some places the correction is done rotates from West to East, places East of for 2 hours and it is called as "double sumGreenwich are ahead of Greenwich time and mer time". Similarly sometimes it is only half those in the West behind it. Since the earth an hour correction.

Since this adjustment is rotates in 24 hours, every there is a only to save light, it is substracted before we do any astronomical calculation. Standard Time. Local time of places which are on different meridians differ. In India there will be a time difference of about 1 hour and 45 minutes in the local time of Dwarka in Gujarat and Dibrugarh in Assam. It will be difficult to prepare a time-table of trains which move from one corner to another.

It is therefore necessary to adopt the local time of some central meridian of a country as the standard time for the country. In India 'E is treated as the standard meridian. The local time at this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country. For astrological purposes we need date, time and place of birth. City of birth is normally sufficient as place of birth. Alongwith this one should know the standard time zone and the day light saving time correction to know exactly and correct the time of birth. With the knowledge of coordinates we can even determine the distance between two points.

Longitudinal distance play vital role in time gap compa red to latitude. Calculation of Sidereal Time and Ascendant In this lesson we are describing sidereal time and are listing the formulas to derive 10th house and ascendant degree accurately using sidereal time. Oral computation of ascendant is also described. Attention is drawn towards the common error committed by most of the fellow astrologers in the computation of ascendant or planet degrees.

In astrology, we are interested in motion of stars. We want to know the time period of earth when any star is observed to return to the same position. Such a clock is called a sidereal clock and its time, being regulated by stars is called sidereal time. There are During this period, the earth makes one revolution around the Sun. If we look from remote stars,. GMT and Greenwich sidereal time coincide at one instant every year at the autumnal equinex around. September Thereafter, the difference increases until half a year later it is 12 hours around March After one year, the times again coincide.

To compute sidereal time manually, please refer to Tables of Ascendants by N. The 10th House or MidHeaven : The point of intersection of the ecliptic of the given time with the meridian of the place is the tenth house for that moment. If A is the sidereal time expressed in degrees and B is the tenth house, then tenth house can be computed as :. Approximate computation of Ascendant : The ascendant can also be computed approximately orally from date of time of birth.

It does not vary much because of latitude or longitude, if local time is taken. Take the date of birth and estimate the Sun degree, using the fact that it is 00 on 14th April and it advances by 10 everyday or 1 sign every month. Ascendant : The ascendant is the point of intersection of the ecliptic with the eastern horizon of the place. The value of the ascendant as calculated above is the sayan value. Subtracting ayanamsa we get nirayana ascendant.

The above formulae gives accurate values of ascendant. However, calculation of ascendant using tables gives rise to errors because of tables not available for the given place or for the given sidereal time. This error some times goes upto many minutes of arc. If the date of birth is December 13th, then as per table given Sun enters into Sagittarius on 15th Dec. Hence it is approximately on 28 0 scorpio on 13th December in any year. Since at Sun rise, Sun is at the eastern horizon, so the Sun degree matches with the. Hence at Sun rise on 13th December any year, the ascendant is approximately Scorpio.

After that it increases by the sign every 2 hours or 10 every 4 minutes. More accurately, it crosses six signs from Sun rise to Sun set and next six signs from Sun set to Sun rise. So if time of birth is 1 PM and since sunrise is approximately at 7. Actual calculations show that ascendant on Traditionally, we calculate ascendant from Ishta Ghati using Palabha, Lankodaya, Udaymaan and Sun degrees for different signs. However because of better trignometric methods described above we are not putting it down here.

To make the task easy, Panchangs give ending time of ascending signs on daily basis for a given place. These tables can be directly used to get fairly correct ascendant sign. An interpolation of time This is mainly because they convert the time of birth to Indian Standard time. This way if a birth has taken place in the morning in New York, it. This is mainly because they convert the time of birth to Indian Standard Time. Then when we calculate the horoscope, we find sun placed in the 7th house, whereas it should be in the ascendant by virtue of the definition of ascendant itself.

The trignometric method above holds good for any date, time and place of birth. You do not have to change anything anywhere. However, if you want to compute ascendant orally, then also. It will give approximately correct value of ascendant for any longitude or latitude south latitude also. To make the task further easy, take any Panchang which gives ending moment of signs for given local time of birth.

Compute the local time by making oral correction for longitude to time zone and look into the table to get ascendant accurate to few degrees. This works because of the basic fact that ascendent varies only by a few degrees due to latitude. Further note that to calculate planet positions using ephemeris or Panchangs, it is necessary to convert time from other time zone to IST since the Panchangs are giving values at IST only. This is the common mistake done by most of the astrologers that they convert time to IST for calculation of ascendant and take the time as it is for calculation of planet degrees.

So, remember : Do no convert time to IST for ascendant calculation of foreign births but convert the time to IST for planet degree calculations. Cast Your Horoscope The chart is pictorial representation of earth.

The planets that revolve around earth are placed in the chart indicating their respective position. This lesson describes the method of calculation of planetry positions. Different system of presentation of charts is described so that one may cast his horoscope in the desired fashion. Now we need to place the planets in the chart. To compute the planet degrees, we recommend the readers to follow Ephemeris by N. You can get these ephemeris from till date. You can also get advanced ephemeris by other authors for up to or However, if you want to compute horoscope for a date before or after then you can get it through a computer which are normally available from year 1 to year However for dates even beyond.

All About the Zodiac Signs

The ephemeris or Panchang is a collection of daily or weekly position of planet positions in a tabular form. The position for a given date and time can be obtained simply by taking average. For more accuracy one can go to interpolaxtion techniques using more data available in the ephemeris. The deviations occur be-. The speed increase or decreases with time.

If the speed of the planet is more in the beginning and less towards the end, the values obtained are slightly more than the actual longitudes because, in actual the planet moves a little more than what it moves on average. The problem of speed of planet occurs mainly for Moon only because Moon plays the maximum Role in astrological computations.

Example : Compute planet degrees for Native born on We get the following degrees listed in the ephemeris. Note that - Sign in the calculation indicates the backward or retrograde motion of the planet The planet degrees are given for 5hr 30min in the morning and time of birth is 11h 30 m. So on average we find the planets movement as under.

Mon x 6 hr 24 hr. Ura - ' x With this the Planet degrees at the time of birth becomes as under : Mon 0s' '. The above example shows the planet degree computation for places in India using Lahiri Ephemeris which are made for IST. There is no time rectification required for places in India. The tables are to be used as such without correcting time to local time.

Vedic Chart Aspects

If the place of birth is out of India, e. New York is equivalent to Knowing the ascendant and the planet degrees, we can cast the horoscope. The chart that we draw is representation of earth. The planets revolve around earth. For the pictorial representation of planets position around earth, we place them in the twelve divisions around earth. The pictorial representation of planets around earth is different at different places.

Mainly it is represented in four ways. In the North Indian style ascendant is always fixed at the top and the zodiac moves anticlock wise. In western style the ascendant is fixed and placed on the left hand side whereas. Similarly if we are using tables made for GMT or any other time zone, we must convert time in IST to that time zone and then use such tables. This is one of the common mistake made by most astrologers.

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Since this mistake does not make much difference in planet degrees, it gets overlooked. However, this does change the Moons position by few degrees and thus related computations, specially Dasa gets changed. A cross sign has been marked with planets those are retrograde similarly other marks like combustion or shifting of house in chalit can also be placed depending upon the. All the charts represent the same horoscope. However, with practice, an astrologer gets accustomed. Calculation of House of a Planet It is very important to consider the house division for correct predictions.

The planets show their behaviour according to the house they occupy. This lesson describes the method to calculate the dimensions of the house and thus determine in which house the planet lies. It also describes the Western or K P Method of house division. The circle of the zodiac is divided into 12 divisions called houses. Each house does not necessarily extend to - it is either less or more. According to the Vedic astrology, ascendant is the mid point of the first house and mid heaven is the mid point of the tenth house.

A house starts approximately before the mid point and extends about beyond the mid point. The point at which the first house ends and next house starts is called "Bhava Sandhi" and the house extends from first Sandhi to the next. However, the whole sign does not fall in one house. A house normally extends over two signs. Using this data, we shall now determine the span of a house and in which house a planet is posited. Indian system of House Division planet, depending upon its degree, falls in one sign and one house.

The house as visible in the Lagna chart is not the planet's actual house position. For any date, time and place, there are some stars rising in the eastern origin and some stars setting in the western horizon. This is because of the earth's rotation around its axis. The eastern horizon is called the first house, whereas the western horizon is the Mid heaven. The point above the head of the person is called the mid heaven or the 10th house. In Indian system of house division the rising point, the setting point and the mid heaven point are considered the centre of the 1st house, 7th house and 10th house respectively, whereas in the western system these are considered the starting points of the houses.

In astrology, we describe the planet's results in a particular house. The planets are known to give results according to the house in which they live. The Lagna chart only tells us in which sign a planet is posited.

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It also tells us about the aspects of a planet on the other planets. However, it does not confirm the house in which a planet is situated. So we make another chart called Chalit, which gives us the information about the house in which a planet is posited. To draw the Chalit chart, determine the starting point of the twelve houses as described and if the planet degree lies in the extent of the house, then place the planet in that house. Normally the house position derived in such a manner and the house occupied by the planet in the Lagna chart are same. But they To represent this situation, sometimes we place the planet in Bhava Sandhi.

We draw a chart with twelve houses and twelve Bhava Sandhis. The planet which is in the same house in Lagna or as per house degrees, it is placed in the house; else it is placed in the Bhava Sandhi. In the South Indian style where each box represents a sign not a house we mark the houses with degrees and place the planets and houses in the order of the degree they own. If a planet is beyond the limit of the house we take it in the next house. Different methods are in vogue to determine the extent of the house.

However, only two systems of house division are common. Indian system of house division : In this system ascendant and the mid heaven are calculated and the difference between them is divided into six equal parts. The mid heaven is the centre of 10th house. Adding the sixth part gives the ending of 10th house or starting of 11th house. Adding of sixth part again and again gives 11th house middle, 12th house beginning, 12th house middle, 1st house beginning and 1st house middle.

In a similar way adding to the ascendant successively the sixth part of the difference between 4th house and the ascendant, longitudes of the 2nd and 3rd houses are obtained. The remaining houses can be calculated by adding 6 signs to each of the opposite house.

Example : Compute house degrees for native born on From the previous lessons we have : Ascendant : Pisces ' Tenth house : Sagittarius ' Subtracting 10th house degree from ascendant We get. Adding this to 10th house degree we get 10th house 11th house beginning 11th house middle 12th house beginning 12th house middle 1st house beginning 1st house middle.

Similarly computing other house degrees we get : House House Start 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Western system or placidus system of house division : In this system, the star rising in the eastern horizon is on the ascendant. It then passes over the 12th house, the 11th house, the 10th house etc. The ascendant and mid heaven are taken as start of the respective house and not the centre.

The exact method of calculation of house degrees is difficult and tables are available to compute it on the basis of the sidereal time or the 10th house. Krishnamurthy System uses the above system of house division only. The values calculated for the model horoscope for the twelve cusps, as per placidus system, are : Cusp 1.

The planets Sun and Pluto to move to previous house as per Indian system of house division, because Sun is at Cap ' and the 11th house starts from Cap ', hence leaving Sun in the 10th house. Similarly Pluto is at Virgo ', 7th house starts from Virgo Hence Chalit chart is as shown. Mon Sat Dhan. If we do a comparative study we find the house of the planets in the given horoscope in Lagna, Chalit and cuspal charts as follows:.

In the Chalit Chakra, it is clear from the placement that Sun and Pluto to have moved out from their house to the previous house. Chalit Ind. Cusp Wes. From the table we notice that many planets change their cuspal position compared to Lagna chart whereas only a few change in the Chalit chart. This is because in the cuspal chart ascendant degree is taken as the start of the house and not the middle.